The medical names for this condition are ‘benign hypertrophy of the prostate’ and ‘prostatism.’ It is not a cancer.

The prostate provides much of the seminal fluid that carries the reproductive sperm. It is situated at the neck of the bladder, surrounding a part of the urethral canal through which the urine is excreted.

In about one of every three men over 50 years of age, the prostate gland becomes enlarged.

If the prostate becomes too large, it interferes with the normal passage of urine by pressing against the urethral canal. The urine, unable to pass through freely, accumulates in the bladder. As the amount of urine in the bladder increases, the pressure increases, forcing the urine to back up into the kidneys. This is serious, because the kidneys become damaged by the pressure and by the contaminated urine. Furthermore, the accumulation of urine makes it easier for infections such as acute or chronic prostatitis to occur


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