Hot-and-cold shower
Biological clinics attach great importance to alternating hot and cold baths. Such baths stimulate all the body functions, but particularly the adrenal and other endocrine glands, and reactivate their functions. They are excellent means of revitalizing skin activity and improving circulation.
The procedure is as follows. First, take a warm shower for about 3 to 5 minutes, to warm up the body. Then switch rapidly to cold water – as cold as it comes – for about 10-15 seconds. Switch back to warm water for 3 to 5 minutes. Make three changes, always finishing with cold. After the shower, warm yourself up by rubbing with a coarse bath towel and follow with dry brush massage
There are three kinds of sitz baths: hot sitz bath, cold sitz bath and alternating hot-and-cold sitz bath.
The hot sitz bath is beneficial for relieving pain and inflammation in the reproductive organs and other organs of the pelvic region. The water should be as hot as can be borne comfortably and the duration of the bath should be 10 to 15 minutes.
The cold sitz bath has a stimulating and invigorating effect on the reproductive organs and the spine. It is popularly called a “youth bath,” because of its rejuvenative effect as the result of increasing blood circulation to the vital centers. The temperature of the water should be 50-65 degrees F, and the duration of the bath from 3 to 5 minutes. After the bath, rub yourself warm with a coarse bath towel.
The alternate hot-and-cold sitz bath has great therapeutic value in most internal disorders. Not only organs and glands of the pelvic region are stimulated and revitalized, but practically all body functions are beneficially affected. This bath is especially beneficial for all who have lowered vitality.
For the alternate hot-and-cold sitz bath, two tubs are required: one containing hot and the other cold water. For a do-it-yourself sitz bath, some large metal or plastic household tubs (like a baby bath, for example) can be used. The temperature of the hot water is about 98-100 degrees, and the cold water is about 50-65 degrees. Sit in hot water first for 5 minutes, then switch to cold water for 5 to 10 seconds. Repeat twice.
For hot or cold sitz bath, you can use the regular bath tub in your home. Fill the bath tub with water about 8 inches high or a little less than half-full. Sit in the tub with your knees drawn up (use a little box or stool) so that only the “sitz” is covered by the water. If a cold sitz bath is given to a patient in very weak condition, it is advisable to place his feet in a small tub or pan filled with warm water.
A sitz bath can be taken 2 or 3 times a week.
When a physician or a nurse injects a few drops of measles vaccine into a child, the particles in that liquid set off an incredible chain of events within the child’s body. At the end of that sequence, the child is immune to any live, disease-causing measles virus.
The vaccine triggers the child’s immune system. And what a marvel that system is. Millions of microscopic blood cells, each smaller than a dust particle, swing into action. They create chemicals designed specifically to knock out the measles virus. They marshal the aid of scavenger cells to chew up the attackers.
Scientists have learned how immunity works and how it fights invading bacteria, viruses, parasites, and pieces of these called antigens. Or how it sometimes turns against the body itself, causing diseases like arthritis, rheumatic fever, perhaps even diabetes. Or how it safeguards you from cancer.
Measles, influenza, and polio no longer kill much of the world, thanks to vaccines. New medications and treatments are coming from research in medicine, chemistry, and genetic engineering.
Scientists today feel overwhelmingly that they have passed the threshold of major discoveries. The way is open to find the causes of cancer and a dozen other diseases, how to treat them, and possibly how to prevent them.
“We are dealing with an unparalleled explosion of information on cancer biology,” says Dr. Steven Rosenberg, chief of the surgery branch of the National Cancer Institute.
Sara Brooks, 4, of Sacramento, California, owes her life to this new knowledge. She inherited a defective immune system and had no protection against invading germs from the day she was born. Doctors kept Sara alive for 5 months in a little three-sided box with air filters. Her parents, Steve and Sheryl Brooks, could not touch or cuddle her. A single stray germ could have killed her.
“Sara was pretty sick for a while,” says her mother, “but now the doctors consider her cured. We call her a miracle baby.”
Dr. Morton J. Cowan of the University of California at San Francisco gave Sara a defect-free immune system by transplanting bone marrow from her father into her body. His healthy bone marrow contained all the cells Sara needed.
Bone marrow transplantation also has been successful in fighting leukemia. It replaces the diseased immune system by producing healthy red cells and platelets and the immune system’s white cells. This transplanting occurs after the leukemia is blasted with X rays and chemicals that destroy both the cancer and the patient’s bone marrow.
In this same way, bone marrow transplants have helped several workers who received deadly doses of radiation at the nuclear accident at Chernobyl in the Soviet Union. The radiation had destroyed their immune systems.

There are many different ways of choosing a babysitter. Some parents form a babysitting club with others where they take turns to look after each others’ children. Most commonly, parents will find someone by word of mouth, from friends or neighbours. Often there will be teenage children in the neighbourhood who will be looking for extra pocket money. There are babysitting agencies who charge a commission (usually this is paid by the babysitter), and who carefully screen applicants before they will employ them. Although agencies usually are a little more expensive, they have the advantage of ready availability of a sitter, as well as a careful selection process.

If you are considering using someone you do not know, ask for references and make sure you interview her beforehand about her experience and to get a sense of her personality and how she relates to children. You may want your children to meet the babysitter as well, to see how they relate to each other.

have her visit in advance, preferably during the day, or at least to come an hour or so before you leave. This time is important as it allows her to meet the children and become familiar with the house.

Show her around the house, including the doors, locks, location of telephones, alarms, torches, first aid kit, light switches, and so on. Make sure she knows what to do in an emergency, how to handle the children if they wake from sleep, and any special needs they may have. It is important to leave the telephone number for where you will be, and an emergency phone number of relatives or friends in case you cannot be contacted for some reason.

Remember that having a babysitter should be a positive experience for your children and so preparation is important. Your usual sitter may sometimes be unavailable, so it is a good idea to go through the process described above with a couple of sitters.



Sex roles are very complicated in most societies. This third point is less a sociological or anthropological question than it is a clinical question about expectations of maleness in your own relationship. Warren Farrell, in his book Why Men Are How They Are, and Carol

GilHgan’s book In a Different Voice provide interesting insights about this issue. How do you see men?

Dr. Farrell reports that male fantasies emphasize variety of sexual partner and the challenge of the hunt, of finding new and better sexual objects. He writes that women value sameness of partner, commitment to and from one man. Dr. Gilligan suggests that all interactions with the primary caretaker, in almost all cases the mother, determine the gender-role behaviors of men and women. Both researchers know that the brain-experience connection is a mutually influential one.

“I know this will date me, but I see men as providers, caretakers, and sexually active. They are aggressive and less emotional than women. I know that sounds stupid, but it is how I see them.” This report from one of the wives was not atypical. Stereotypes die hard and continue to influence the sexual interaction within the marriage, regardless of intellectual protests of “nonsexist” views.

“Men just have to do it all, and I think they want to do it all. It is in the nature of things and in their nature to be the doers, the responsible ones,” reported one husband. You can see the love maps of both these spouses. Can you imagine how each of these people came to feel and behave as they do?

A word of warning. It is not always the case that the spouse’s actual behavior matches his or her report. How we feel is the real love map. How we behave is only a rough approximation of that map and is filtered and changed by social constraints that may mask the real map itself.



Those ugly and prominent veins which many people develop in their legs are part of the penalty that man has incurred for walking on his two legs.

A vein is varicose when it is dilated and tortuous.

The legs are the most common site for varicose veins, and this is related to posture. But the veins in the scrotum also may develop varicosity, and this is called a varicocele.

Varicose veins may arise around the anal ring, and are called piles or haemorrhoids.

And varicosites also may develop around the gullet, or oesophagus, usually due to liver damage.

Blood flows from the heart through the arteries and there is a head of pressure behind the blood forcing it onward. However, there is no such pump to move the blood through the veins back to the heart.

Muscular contractions force the column of blood along the veins, and in the legs this is against gravity.

Situated along the veins are small valves which break this column of blood into small segments and which prevent backward flow.



Swallowing is a complicated procedure. Food and drink move down the gullet or oesophagus not only by the force of gravity but by active muscular contractions.

Swallowing involves a wave-like activation of the muscles of the gullet so that the food or fluid is forced onwards.

Dysphagia is difficulty in swallowing and may be due to many causes. One of which is called achalasia.

This is more common in the middle-aged and affects women more than men. It comes on slowly and symptoms are usually present for many years before the sufferer seeks help.

The cause is unknown but there appears to be some muscular inco-ordination at the lower end of the gullet.

Swallowing is difficult and there is often regurgitation of food. X-ray and direct inspection of the gullet by inserting a tube to look at the gullet lining will usually confirm diagnosis.

Stretching up the tightened area at the lower end of the gullet may bring relief or an operation may be required.



Perhaps nowhere is preventive medicine more important than in poisoning in children.

Many instances could be prevented if adults took more care with dangerous drugs and chemicals. Most cases of childhood poisoning take place in the home and involve drugs and common household chemicals.

All dangerous articles should be stored under lock and key. Placing them high up on shelves and cupboards may not be safe — small, inquisitive children can climb on chairs and reach the contents.

There are some simple rules with which all parents should be familiar so that they can deal quickly and effectively with a case of poisoning in their children.

• Check the bottle to discover the contents and try to estimate how much has been taken.

Ring the Poisons Information Centre in your State. This is listed in the front of the telephone book and is usually manned 24 hours a day. You will then be told the correct first aid measure, the approximate dangerous dose and advised whether medical, aid should be sought.



Symptoms: Sore, red throat; inflamed tonsils, often with spots; fever.

Home care:

Treat as you would treat a cold or sore throat.

Give aspirin or paracetamol for fever and pain

Give the child plenty of fluids.


-    Drooling accompanying a sore throat should be brought to the attention of your doctor immediately.

-    Between the ages of three and nine, children often have enlarged tonsils and adenoids; this enlargement is normal and should not be confused with infection.

-    White, cheesy material on the tonsils is normal and does not indicate infection.

-    If a child is eating poorly, the cause is something other than enlarged tonsils.

-    A quinsy sore throat always requires medical treatment.

The tonsils (in the throat) and the adenoids (in the back of the nose) are part of the lymphatic system, and their function is to destroy disease-causing germs. They may become infected with disease-causing germs from a common cold, strep throat, infectious mononucleosis, diphtheria, or tuberculosis.

Signs and symptoms

The child will complain of a sore throat and will have a fever. The throat will appear red and sometimes there are spots on the tonsils. Acute infection of the tonsils is diagnosed from the appearance of the throat and the results of a throat culture or blood count. This enlargement of the tonsils rarely produces symptoms by itself but, in extreme cases, can make it hard for the child to swallow. Enlargement of the adenoids can result in mouth breathing, hearing loss and middle ear infection, snoring, nasal speech, and bad breath. Adenoids can be examined with special instruments or seen on an X ray.

A unique infection of the tonsils is quinsy sore throat (peritonsillar abscess). In quinsy a large abscess forms behind a tonsil, producing intense pain and a high fever (39.4°C or 40°C). The abscess eventually pushes the tonsil across the midline of the throat. The child will have difficulty speaking (“hot potato speech”) and swallowing and will drool.



What are they?

Varicose veins are knotted, distended, twisted, leg veins in which the valves have ceased to function properly.

Approximately one in four North American women and one in ten North American men suffer from varicose veins, yet they are much less common in Third World countries. One survey found that over the age of 50 in the US 42 per cent of men and 64 per cent of women had them. In a survey of Egyptian women factory workers the figure was 6 per cent.

Not only do varicose veins look unsightly; they produce pain (a dull, aching heaviness); the ankles swell (especially in warm weather); there are painful calf cramps at night; the legs itch or burn; and more serious complications such as shin ulcers, inflammation of the veins, blood clots and bleeding can occur too. More than 100,000 Americans die each year from a blood clot which then lodges in the lung.

Treatment is traditionally with elastic stockings (hose) to apply pressure on the veins, injections of sclerosing agents to seal off the worst veins, and surgery to remove the offending veins. None of these is a very successful or pleasant treatment so once again prevention must be considered.

What causes them?

• Heredity. There is little doubt that varicose veins are more common in the families of those who already have them. Whether this is true heredity or due to an environmental factor (see below) is not yet clear.

• The erect posture of humans, constrictive clothing and repeated pregnancies have been discarded as primary causes of varicose veins because none of the theories stands up to scrutiny when examined in detail in other populations of the world.

• The probable cause of varicose veins is as follows. We in the West eat very little dietary fibre and strain at stool to pass a small number of hard, small ‘sticky’ stools in a seated position on a lavatory. Peoples around the world who have very few varicose veins eat plenty of fibre and pass large-volume, soft and easily evacuated stools in a squatting position.

Research has shown that the pressure produced when straining at stool is transmitted down the leg veins and it is postulated that this repeated downward pressure (against the blood flow) damages the valves in the veins. Normally the valves stop blood pooling in the leg veins under gravity as blood passes upwards against gravity propelled by the pumping action of the calf muscles as we walk. Once the valves have been rendered inoperative blood pools and distends the veins and blood flow becomes sluggish. Blood leaks out into the skin causing unsightly discoloration and other skin changes and the scene is set for the serious, even life-threatening complications listed above. In traditional peoples who squat to open their bowels the angle of the thighs to the abdomen is so acute that it shuts off the major leg veins in the groin, so preventing the pressure produced by straining at stool (which is very low anyway because of their high-fibre diet) from passing down into them.

• Standing for long periods definitely makes varicose veins worse because of the increased gravitational burden. Sitting, it appears, might also make things worse, as does crossing one’s legs when seated.

• Female hormones may well have something to do with the problem. Indeed, something has to explain why it is that women are so much more likely to suffer from the condition than are men. Although they are more constipated than men this alone does not appear to answer all the questions. That a hormonal change during pregnancy could be involved is deduced from the fact that in some women inflamed leg veins are early signs of pregnancy-even before they miss a period. At this stage the fetus cannot possibly be compressing the large veins in the pelvis so perhaps it is the rising levels of the connective-tissue-relaxing hormone (relaxin) that make the vein walls relax too much and leads to varicosities.



Benign (non-cancerous) breast disease is a family of rather ill-defined conditions which show up as pain and lumpiness in the breast. The pain, tenderness and lumps fluctuate with the phases of the menstrual cycle and tend to get progressively worse until the menopause.

The vast majority of women who have painful, lumpy breasts will not go on to get cancer of the breast. However, the condition is still worrying and wearing on a month-to-month basis. If ever a normally lumpy breast begins to have a well-defined mass, a blood-stained nipple discharge, a turning-in or tethering of the nipples, abnormalities in the overlying skin or glands in the armpit, consult your doctor at once.

No one knows for sure but the prolactin antagonist drug, Bromocriptine, and the female sex hormone antagonist, Danazol, both help cure the condition in some women, so presumably hormones play an important part in the story. Unfortunately, both these drugs are expensive and have side-effects.

Research in many centers over the years has made it possible to piece together a preventive package which can also be curative.

• Stop smoking.

• Reduce the amount of animal fats you eat. The Japanese, who eat lots of fish and very little animal fat, have very little benign breast disease. Also, studies of women with breast disease suggest that there is a disturbance of fatty acid metabolism which can be corrected by reducing the amount of animal fat they eat and increasing the amount of polyunsaturated fats in their diets. Oily fish, such as mackerel, herring and salmon, are especially useful.

• Avoid tea, coffee, cola and other caffeine-containing substances. These all contain various biologically active substances called methylxanthines which have been found to aggravate breast disease.

• Take a dietary supplement containing the following:

Vitamin E, 4-600 IU daily

Vitamin B6, 50-100 mg daily

Vitamin  complex, 25 mg daily

Magnesium, 200 mg daily

Zinc, 10-40 mg daily (especially if your breasts are worse pre-menstrually)

Cold-pressed linseed oil, 1 – 2 tablespoons daily

Evening primrose oil, 4 – 8,500 mg capsules daily


« Previous Entries